डॉ बी आर अम्बेडकर

About Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who Chaired the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly and was India's First Minister for Law and Justice.

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  • Dr. Ambedkar discussing regarding Hindu Code Bill at New Delhi during 1955. Seen behind him is Mr. Sohan Lal Shashtri Dr. Ambedkar discussing regarding Hindu Code Bill at New Delhi during 1955. Seen behind him is Mr. S...
  • Dr. B. R. Ambedkar among other dignitaries at India’s first Republic Day parade Dr. B. R. Ambedkar among other dignitaries at India’s first Republic Day parade
  • Dr. Ambedkar addressing the gathering on Buddhism, at Diksha Bhoomi Nagpur on 15.10.1956 Dr. Ambedkar addressing the gathering on Buddhism, at Diksha Bhoomi Nagpur on 15.10.1956
  • First World Fellowship of Buddhist Conference at Sri Lanka in 1950. Dr. Ambedkar and Mrs. Ambedkar with the delegates and observers from all over the world are seen in the photograph First World Fellowship of Buddhist Conference at Sri Lanka in 1950. Dr. Ambedkar and Mrs. Ambedkar w...
  • Dr. Ambedkar at the gathering of prominent social workers and activists of the Independent Labour Party at Mumbai. On the right of Dr. Ambedkar are M/s. C.N. Mohite Guruji, Sambhaji, Tukaram Gaikwad, Acharya Moreshvar Vasudev Donde and Mr. Ganpat Mahadev Jadhav Dr. Ambedkar at the gathering of prominent social workers and activists of the Independent Labour Pa...
  • Kalaram Mandir Satyagraha at Nashik that ran from 1930 to 1935. From left are Kramer Dadasaheb Gaikwad, Mr. Apprasaheb Gaikwad, and Dr. Ambedkar with other prominent social workers Kalaram Mandir Satyagraha at Nashik that ran from 1930 to 1935. From left are Kramer Dadasaheb Gaikw...
  • 2500th Buddha Jayanti celebrations at Ambedkar Bhavan, New Delhi. From left are Mr. Shankranand Shashtri, Dr. Ambedkar, Mrs. Savita Ambedkar and Buddhist monks. Dr. Ambedkar is scarcely seen without spectacles as he is here 2500th Buddha Jayanti celebrations at Ambedkar Bhavan, New Delhi. From left are Mr. Shankranand Shas...
  • Dr. Ambedkar passed away in his sleep on December 6, 1956 at his residence at Delhi. Behind Mrs. Savita Ambedkar are M/s. Shankarao, Narayan Rao Kajolkar, U.N. Dhebar- the then president of Indian National Congress Dr. Ambedkar passed away in his sleep on December 6, 1956 at his residence at Delhi. Behind Mrs. Sav...
  • Police Officers and party workers receiving Dr. Ambdekar at Hyderabad Railway Station during his tour Police Officers and party workers receiving Dr. Ambdekar at Hyderabad Railway Station during his tou...
  • Dr. Ambedkar at Milind College, Aurangabad. On his right are M/s. Kamalakant Chitre, Ghanshyam Talvataker, C. Mohite Guruji and Barrister V.G.Rao. On his left are Principal M.B.Chitnis and his colleagues Dr. Ambedkar at Milind College, Aurangabad. On his right are M/s. Kamalakant Chitre, Ghanshyam Talva...
  • Dr. Ambedkar with Mr. Homi Bhabhanand and other colleagues at Siddharth College Dr. Ambedkar with Mr. Homi Bhabhanand and other colleagues at Siddharth College
  • Dr. Ambedkar at Siddarth College annual gathering Dr. Ambedkar at Siddarth College annual gathering
  • Deeksha ceremony at Nagpur on 14.10.1956. Seen in the picture are Mrs. Savita Ambedkar, Mr. Nanakchand Rattu (PA to Dr. Ambedkar) and Samta Sainik Dal volunteers Deeksha ceremony at Nagpur on 14.10.1956. Seen in the picture are Mrs. Savita Ambedkar, Mr. Nanakcha...
  • Dr. Ambedkar in a desolate state of mind after the sad demise of his beloved wife Ramabhai in 1935 Dr. Ambedkar in a desolate state of mind after the sad demise of his beloved wife Ramabhai in 1935
  • Dr. Ambedkar during the conversion ceremony at Nagpur, 14.10.1956 with Mrs. Savita Ambedkar, Mr. Nanakchand Rattu (his personal assistant) and Samta Sainik Dal Volunteers Dr. Ambedkar during the conversion ceremony at Nagpur, 14.10.1956 with Mrs. Savita Ambedkar, Mr. Nan...
  • Dr. Ambedkar in a desolate state of mind after the sad demise of his beloved wife Ramabhai in 1935 Dr. Ambedkar in a desolate state of mind after the sad demise of his beloved wife Ramabhai in 1935
  • The Drafting Committee for the Constitution of India The Drafting Committee for the Constitution of India
  • Dr. Ambedkar with prominent social workers of the Independent Labour Party at Bombay in 1936. Seen in the second row (seated) are Mr. R. R. Bole, Afdvocate Gadkari. Dr. Ambedkar, Nanasaheb Tipins of Mahad. Behid them are Mr. Ganpat Mahadev Jadhav (in cap) and on his left is Mr. Ramakrishna Bhatankar, the then MLA of Bombay Legislative Assembly Dr. Ambedkar with prominent social workers of the Independent Labour Party at Bombay in 1936. Seen i...
  • Dr. Ambedkar with prominent social workers of the Independent Labour Party at Bombay in 1936. Seen in the second row (seated) are Mr. R. R. B0le, Advocate Gadkari. Dr. Ambedkar, Nanasaheb Tipnis of Mahad. Behind them are Mr. Ganpat Mahadev Jadhav (in cap) and on his left is Mr. Ramakrishna Bhatankar, the then MLA of Bombay Legislative Assembly Dr. Ambedkar with prominent social workers of the Independent Labour Party at Bombay in 1936. Seen i...
  • At the time of signing the Puna Pact in 1932 at Yerwada Central Prison, Pune. Seen in the picture Barrister Jaikar (second from left) and Barrister Sapru (on the left of Dr. Ambedkar) At the time of signing the Puna Pact in 1932 at Yerwada Central Prison, Pune. Seen in the picture Ba...
  • Mr. M.V.Donde, Dr. Ambedkar, Ra0 Bahadur C. K. Bole, Mr. D. G. Jadhav and Mr. Kamalakant Chitre of People’s Education Society, Bombay Mr. M.V.Donde, Dr. Ambedkar, Ra0 Bahadur C. K. Bole, Mr. D. G. Jadhav and Mr. Kamalakant Chitre of P...
  • Kalaram Mandir Satyagraha at Nashik. – To the right of Dr. Ambedkar is seen – Karmaveer Dadasaheb Gaikwad Kalaram Mandir Satyagraha at Nashik. – To the right of Dr. Ambedkar is seen – Karmaveer Dadasaheb Ga...
  • From left are Prof. V. G. Rao, Gajendrag Gadkar-Principal, Milind College, Mr. M. V. Donde, Dr. Ambedkar, Rao Bahadur C. K. Bole, Mr. D. G. Jadhav and Mr. Kamalakant Chitre of People’s Education Society, Bombay From left are Prof. V. G. Rao, Gajendrag Gadkar-Principal, Milind College, Mr. M. V. Donde, Dr. Ambe...
  • Dr. Ambedkar with his wife Mrs. Savita Ambedkar after his cataract conducted at Delhi in 1953. Seen from left are Principal of Siddharth College- Mr. Patankar. Mr. Mukundrao Ambedkar (nephew of Dr. Ambedkar), Mr. Balu Kabir and Mr. J. G. Bhatnagar, General Secretary of the Scheduled Caste Federation, Bombay Pradesh, Ex MLA and also the then president of Municipal Kamgar Sangh, Bombay Dr. Ambedkar with his wife Mrs. Savita Ambedkar after his cataract conducted at Delhi in 1953. Seen ...
  • Dr. Ambedkar with his wife Mrs. Savita Ambedkar after his cataract conducted at Delhi in 1953 Dr. Ambedkar with his wife Mrs. Savita Ambedkar after his cataract conducted at Delhi in 1953
  • Dr. Ambedkar with the Governor of Maharashtra, Mr. Mangaldas Pakwasa, Rao Bahadur Bole and Prof. V. G. Rao Dr. Ambedkar with the Governor of Maharashtra, Mr. Mangaldas Pakwasa, Rao Bahadur Bole and Prof. V. ...
  • Reception Committee for Mahad Satyagraha. Seated from left to right are Mr. Keshavrao Adrekar, Mr. Govindrao Adrekar, Karmaveer Sambhaji Thukaram Gaikwad, Dr. Ambedkar, Mr. Madalekar, Mr. Shivram Gopal Jadhav, and Mr. C.L. Mohite Guruji. Behind them right are Comrade Ramchandra Babaji More and other social workers Reception Committee for Mahad Satyagraha. Seated from left to right are Mr. Keshavrao Adrekar, Mr. G...
  • Dr. Ambedkar with the Governer of Maharashtra, Mr. Mangaldas Pakwasa, Rao Bahadur Bole and Prof. V. G. Rao Dr. Ambedkar with the Governer of Maharashtra, Mr. Mangaldas Pakwasa, Rao Bahadur Bole and Prof. V. ...
  • Dr. Ambedkar at the muhurath ceremony of the Movie “Mahatma Jyothiba Phule” made by Acharya Atre at Bombay. With him is seem the Acharya Dr. Ambedkar at the muhurath ceremony of the Movie “Mahatma Jyothiba Phule” made by Acharya Atre at ...
  • Celebrating the birth day of Dr. Ambedkar, at New Delhi with prominent social workers Celebrating the birth day of Dr. Ambedkar, at New Delhi with prominent social workers
  • Dr. Ambedkar at Milind College, Aurangabad. From left are seen Architect Mr. Narvekar, Principal Mr. M. B. Chitnis, Mrs. Ambedkar, Dr. Ambedkar, Mr. Bole, Mr. Kamalakant Chitre, Registrar Siddharth College, Mr. B. H. Varale, the then Registrar of Milind College Dr. Ambedkar at Milind College, Aurangabad. From left are seen Architect Mr. Narvekar, Principal Mr....
  • Dr. Ambedkar and Mrs. Savita Ambedkar with the Tamil delegates and peoples of Sri Lanka in 1950. Behind them (third from right are M/s. Kashiram Savadkar, B.S. Gaikwad and Balu Kabir (Brother of Mrs. Savita Ambedkar) Dr. Ambedkar and Mrs. Savita Ambedkar with the Tamil delegates and peoples of Sri Lanka in 1950. Beh...
  • Dr. Ambedkar’s dead body was brought to his residence- Rajgruha in Bombay. From right are Dahivalkar Buwa, Mr. Yashvantrao Ambedkar, Mrs. Savita Ambedkar, Mrs. Thokle, Mr. Sadashivrao Bagaitkar, leader of the Socialist Party. Behind Yashavantrao Ambedkar are Mr. Shankarmama Dhotre (brother of Ramabai) and Mr. H. R. Mahajani, the then editor of Loksatta, Bombay Dr. Ambedkar’s dead body was brought to his residence- Rajgruha in Bombay. From right are Dahivalkar...
  • Dr. Ambedkar with Mr. Shantaram Annaji Upshyam Guruji at the railway station, Bombay. Guruji was the secretary of the Bombay Scheduled Caste Improvement Trust founded by Dr. Ambedkar. He was the manager of the newspaper Janata started by Dr. Ambedkar at Bombay Dr. Ambedkar with Mr. Shantaram Annaji Upshyam Guruji at the railway station, Bombay. Guruji was the...
  • Dr. Ambedkar watching a football match at Cooperage, Bombay, organised by the Dr. Ambedkar Sporting Club Dr. Ambedkar watching a football match at Cooperage, Bombay, organised by the Dr. Ambedkar Sporting ...
  • Dr. Ambedkar with the architect of the Milind College, Principal M.B.Chitris, Mrs. Savita Ambedkar, Rao Bahadur C. K. Bole and Mr. B. H. Varale Dr. Ambedkar with the architect of the Milind College, Principal M.B.Chitris, Mrs. Savita Ambedkar, ...
  • Dr. Ambedkar being felicitated at St. Xavier College, Bombay. Mr. Narendra Manotrao Kamble and Mr. Dharmaji Pundlik Gambre are holding the memento Dr. Ambedkar being felicitated at St. Xavier College, Bombay. Mr. Narendra Manotrao Kamble and Mr. D...

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Books by Ambedkar

  • The Problem of the Rupee – Its origin and its solution

    Biography of Dr. B.R. AmbedkarThe Problem of the Rupee – Its origin and its solution

    THE PROBLEM OF THE RUPEE was first published in 1923. Ever since its publication it has had a great demand : so great that within a year or two the book went out of print. The demand for the book has continued, but unfortunately I could not bring out a second edition of the book for the reason that my change-over from economics to law and politics left me no time to undertake such a task. I have, therefore, devised another plan : it is to bring out an up-to-date edition of the History of Indian Currency and Banking in two volumes, of which The Problem of the Rupee forms volume one. Volume two will contain the History of Indian Currency and Banking from 1923 onwards. What is therefore issued to the public now is a mere reprint of The Problem of the Rupee under a different name. I am glad to say that some of my friends who are engaged in the field of teaching economics have assured me that nothing has been said or written since 1923 in the field of Indian Currency which calls for any alteration in the text of The Problem of the Rupee as it stood in 1923. I hope this reprint will satisfy the public partially if not wholly. I can give them an assurance that they will not have to wait long for volume two. I am determined to bring it out with the least possible delay.

    B. R. AMBEDKAR
    Rajagraha, Bombay,
    7-5-1947
    .

  • The Untouchables, Who are they?

    Biography of Dr. B.R. AmbedkarThe Untouchables, Who are they?

    This book is a sequel to my treatise called The Shudras—Who they were and How they came to be the Fourth Varna of the Indo-Aryan Society which was published in 1946. Besides the Shudras, the Hindu Civilisation has produced three social classes whose existence has not received the attention it deserves. The three classes are :-

    (i) The Criminal Tribes who number about 20 millions or so;
    (ii) The Aboriginal Tribes who number about 15 millions; and
    (iii) The Untouchables who number about 50 millions.

    The existence of these classes is an abomination. The Hindu Civilisation, gauged in the light of these social products, could hardly be called civilisation. It is a diabolical contrivance to suppress and enslave humanity. Its proper name would be infamy. What else can be said of a civilisation which has produced a mass of people who are taught to accept crime as an approved means of earning their livelihood, another mass of people who are left to live in full bloom of their primitive barbarism in the midst of civilisation and a third mass of people who are treated as an entity beyond human intercourse and whose mere touch is enough to cause pollution?

  • Who were the Shudra?

    Biography of Dr. B.R. AmbedkarWho were the Shudra?

    In this book Ambedkar argues that the Shudras were originally Aryans belonging to the Kshatriya class. Ambedkar further argues that the Brahmins brought about the degradation of the Shudras. Relations have also been drawn between the wide acceptance of Mahars in Hinduism as outcasts and untouchables due to their affirmation to Buddhist practices.

    In a separate chapter, Dr. Ambedkar also expresses his view regarding the Partition of India, 1947, stating that if the Muslim community demanded a separate state their interests must be safeguarded as a threat would lay to Indian security and stability due to divided interests, as well as a chance of rebellion soon after the Independence of India.

  • States and Minorities

    Biography of Dr. B.R. AmbedkarStates and Minorities

    Soon after it became definite that the framing of the future Constitution of India was to be entrusted to a Constituent Assembly, the Working Committee of the All-India Scheduled Castes Federation asked me to prepare a Memorandum on the Safeguards for the Scheduled Castes for being submitted to the Constituent Assembly on behalf of the Federation. I very gladly undertook the task. The results of my labour are contained in this brochure.

    The Memorandum defines Fundamental Rights; Minority Rights and Safeguards for the Scheduled Castes. Those who hold the view that the Scheduled Castes are not a minority might say that. in this matter I have gone beyond prescribed bounds. The view that the Scheduled Castes are not a minority is a new dispensation issued on behalf of the High and Mighty Hindu Majority which the Scheduled Castes are asked to submit to. The spokesmen of the Majority have not cared to define its scope and its meaning. Anyone with a fresh and free mind, reading it as a general proposition, would be justified in saying that it is capable of double interpretation.

    B. R. AMBEDKAR
    15-3-47

  • Emancipation of the Untouchables

    Biography of Dr. B.R. AmbedkarEmancipation of the Untouchables

    In response to the invitation of the Chairman of the Indian section of the Institute of Pacific Relations, I wrote in August last year a Paper on the Problem of the Untouchables of India for the Session of the Conference which was due to be held on December 1942 at Mont' Tramblant in Quebec in Canada. The Paper is printed in the proceedings of the Conference. Ever since it became known that I had written such a Paper, the leaders of the Untouchables and Americans interested in their problem have been pressing me to issue it separately in the form of a book and make it available to the general public. It was not possible to refuse the demand. At the same time I could not without breach of etiquette publish the paper until the proceedings of the Conference were made public. I am now told by the Secretary of the Pacific Relations Conference that the proceedings have been made public and there can be no objection to the publication of my Paper if I desired it. This will explain why the Paper is published nearly 10 months after it was written.

    Except for a few verbal alterations the Paper is printed as it was presented to the Conference. The Paper will speak for itself. There is only one thing I would like to add. It is generally agreed among the thoughtful part of humanity that there are three problems which the Peace Conference is expected to tackle.

    B.R.AMBEDKAR
    22, Prithviraj Road,
    New Delhi.
    1st September 1943.


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