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Joint Communiqué of the 12th Meeting of Foreign Ministers of Russia-India-China held in New Delhi

November 10, 2013

The Foreign Ministers of the Republic of India, the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China met in New Delhi on 10 November 2013 for their 12th Meeting. The meeting was held in an atmosphere marked with cordiality and warmth.

  1. The Ministers reiterated the importance attached to the Russia-India-China Trilateral format as a platform to foster closer dialogue and practical cooperation in identified areas among the three countries. They stressed that this cooperation was not directed against any other country. They expressed their resolve to strengthen the trilateral dialogue for consultation and coordination on regional and global issues of mutual interest in the spirit of openness, solidarity, mutual understanding and trust.
  2. The Meeting took place in the backdrop of evolving political scenario in the Middle East and North Africa, upcoming 9th WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali, numerous challenges in putting the world economy back on growth track, concerns relating to terrorism, transnational organized crime, illicit drug trafficking, natural and man-made disasters, food security and climate change. The Ministers agreed to continue to consult and coordinate with each other to contribute to addressing these regional and global challenges in a responsible and constructive manner.
  3. The Ministers expressed their condolences and sympathy to the people and the Government of the Republic of Philippines at the loss of lives following the typhoon that struck the country recently.
  4. The Foreign Ministers of the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China recalled successful outcomes of the recent bilateral visits of India’s Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh to Russia and China.
  5. The Ministers agreed that the world had entered a new era of establishing a multipolar international system in line with the realities and needs of the 21stcentury.The Ministers reiterated commitment to work together for a more stable, secure and fair system of international relations based on the rule of international law, equal partnerships between states and respect for the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. They agreed to remain engaged with each other with a view to strengthening the central role of the UN in maintaining international peace and security and ensuring steady social and economic development.
  6. The Ministers welcomed the 12thTrilateral Academic Conference held in New Delhi on 20-22 November 2012. This marked the conclusion of the 4thround of trilateral exchanges commenced in 2001 amongst scholars from the Institute of Chinese Studies (ICS), Delhi; the Institute of Far Eastern Studies (IFES) Russian Academy of Sciences and China Institute of International Studies (CIIS).
  7. The Ministers noted with satisfaction that the 5th Trilateral RIC experts meeting on Disaster Relief was held in Chengdu, China on 13-14 November 2012. The meeting agreed to further enhance the trilateral cooperation on information sharing, technology exchanges and personnel training in this area.
  8. The Ministers reiterated that terrorism is a threat to international peace and security and a grave violation of human rights and a crime against humanity. They condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, committed by whomever, wherever, and for whatever purposes. The Ministers affirmed the need for all States to join efforts in combating terrorism under the auspices of the United Nations, based on the UN Charter, the relevant UN Security Council (UNSC) resolutions, the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and relevant principles and norms of international law.They condemned in the strongest terms the terrorist attack in Beijing on 28 October 2013.
  9. The Ministers agreed that there cannot be ideological, religious, political, racial, ethnic, or any other justification for acts of terrorism.They underlined the need to bring to justice perpetrators, organizers, financiers and sponsors of terrorist acts.
  10. The Ministers expressed deep concern about the deterioration of the security and humanitarian situation in Syria and condemned the increasing violations of human rights and of international humanitarian law as a result of continued violence. The Ministers welcomed the adoption of UNSC resolution which endorsed the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Executive Council decision calling on Syria to comply with all aspects of the OPCW decision. They further welcomed the framework agreement reached between Russia and the US on the time-bound safeguarding and destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons stockpiles and also the recent steps taken by Syria to accede to the Chemical Weapons Convention. The Ministers urged for early convening of International Conference on Syria (Geneva-II), to take forward the Geneva-I Communiqué adopted on 30 June 2012, which will bring all Syrian parties to the conflict to the negotiating table. Any settlement of the crisis should meet the legitimate aspirations of all sections of Syrian society and respect for Syrian independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty. The Ministers reiterated that there is no military solution to the conflict.
  11. The Ministers reaffirmed that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict remains an urgent and key issue for the international community, the resolution of which is a prerequisite for building a sustainable and lasting peace in the Middle East region. The Ministers expressed support to the resumed Palestinian-Israeli negotiations and called on the international community to assist both Israel and Palestine to work towards a two-state solution resulting in a sovereign, democratic, independent, united and viable Palestinian state, with East Jerusalem as its capital, existing side by side in peace with Israel, within secure borders, on the basis of relevant UNSC resolutions, the Madrid Principles and the Arab Peace Initiative.
  12. The Ministers discussed the evolving situation in Egypt. They viewed Egypt as a stabilising factor in the Middle East region and wished Egypt to promote national reconciliation as soon as possible to continue to play that role, contributing to peace and prosperity in the region.
  13. The Ministers expressed deep concern over the continuing situation in Afghanistan and acknowledged that the main threat to Afghanistan's security, stability and prosperity is terrorism, radicalism and violent extremism. They stressed upon the need for joint and concerted efforts to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including elimination of terrorist bases and safe havens and cutting off all financial and tactical support to terrorism.
  14. The Ministers stressed the importance of the international community remaining engaged in Afghanistan and fulfilling its commitments on civilian and security assistance during the period of transition and through the decade of transformation in Afghanistan. In this context, they called upon developing the capability of Afghan National Security Forces so as to enable it to shoulder the responsibility for security of Afghanistan. The Ministers reaffirmed the imperative need for the international community to continue to actively support Afghanistan’s peaceful reconstruction and help Afghanistan to achieve peace, stability and prosperity. They emphasized the importance of Afghanistan’s regional integration through expanding its trade and transit networks as well as its regional connectivity.
  15. The Ministers stressed the core coordinating role of the UN in promoting peace and stability in Afghanistan. They reaffirmed readiness to closely interact on Afghanistan in the framework of the UN and within other international fora and regional initiatives, including the Istanbul Process, the Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). Russia and India welcomed and expressed full support to China for hosting the Fourth Ministerial Meeting of the Istanbul Process in 2014.
  16. The Ministers held the view that the evolving situation in Afghanistan is closely linked with security of the region. They believed that achieving broad and inclusive reconciliation is the key to enduring peace and stability of Afghanistan. The Ministers reiterated that the national reconciliation in Afghanistanshould be Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and Afghan-driven, as laid out in the 20 July 2010 Kabul Conference Communiqué and further elaborated in the 5 December 2011 Bonn Conference Conclusions supported by the Government of Afghanistan and the international community.
  17. The Ministers expressed concern about the scale of illicit drug production and trafficking in Afghanistan. They underlined that revenue from drug trafficking is one of the main sources of financing terrorist organizations. The Ministers emphasized the urgent need for the international community to counteract illicit production and trafficking of drugs of Afghan origin in line with the provisions of the Paris Pact and the SCO Anti-Drug Strategy.19. The Ministers reaffirmed that being responsible States that possess advanced nuclear technologies, Russia, India and China considered it as their common task to prevent proliferation of nuclear weapons and contribute actively to strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime. They welcomed progress on nuclear security and underlined the importance of upholding and implementing the consensus understandings reached at the 2010 Washington and 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summits.
  18. The Ministers called for the early resolution of the Iranian nuclear issue through political and diplomatic means on the basis of a step-by-step approach and reciprocity to restore international confidence in the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme. They recognized Iran’s right to peaceful uses of nuclear energy, including for uranium enrichment under strict IAEA safeguards and consistent with its international obligations. The Ministers supported the intensification of the negotiation process to resolve this issue.
  19. The Ministers expressed concern at the growing threat of the use of information and communication technologies for criminal and terrorist purposes, as well as for purposes that are inconsistent with the UN Charter.They reiterated that it is important to contribute to and participate in a peaceful, secure, and open cyberspace and emphasized that security in the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) through universally accepted norms, standards and practices is of paramount importance.
  20. The Ministers considered the UN to be the foremost multilateral forum entrusted with bringing about hope, peace and sustainable development to the world. They expressed strong commitment to multilateral diplomacy with the United Nations playing the leading role in dealing with global challenges and threats. In this context, they reaffirmed the need for a comprehensive reform of the UN, including its Security Council, with a view to making it more effective, efficient and representative, so that it can deal with today's global challenges more successfully.
  21. The Ministers reiterated the importance attached by their countries to cooperation within BRICS. In this context, they reaffirmed their determination to work together to further strengthen BRICS as a mechanism for consultation, coordination and cooperation on global and regional political and economic issues of mutual interests.
  22. The Foreign Ministers of China and Russia supported India's active engagement with and positive contributions to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
  23. The Ministers stressed the need to develop an open, inclusive and transparent security architecture in the Asia Pacific region based upon universally agreed principles of international law. They underscored the importance of the East Asia Summit as a forum for dialogue and cooperation on broad strategic, political and economic issues of common interest with the aim of promoting peace, stability and economic prosperity in East Asia. They underlined the necessity to further strengthen coordination and cooperation in various regional fora such as the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), ASEAN Defense Ministers Plus (ADMM-Plus), Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM), Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) and Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD).India and Russia expressed their support to China for hosting the CICA Summit in 2014.
  24. The Ministers noted the rising role of the Asia-Pacific region in international affairs and supported regional integration and cooperation. The Ministers recognized the important role played by Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) towards creating conducive environment for promoting trade and investment as well as regional integration in the Asia-Pacific region. Foreign Ministers of China and Russia noted India's growing economic profile and its important role in the global economic growth and its significant economic and trade linkages with APEC members and supported the openness of APEC.
  25. The Ministers recognized that the world economic growth was facing vulnerabilities and numerous challenges. They underlined the need to boost multilateral cooperation in order to tackle these challenges. The Ministers welcomed the outcomes of the G20 Saint Petersburg Summit held under the Russian Presidency. They stressed that the continuous implementation of its recommendations with respect to the decisions aimed at accelerating world economic growth, midterm fiscal consolidation, higher employment, building an open world economy and promoting development will facilitate the resolution of the key global economic issues.
  26. The Ministers stressed the need for the G20 to remain focused on the core issues of addressing coordination of macro-economic policies to deal with the evolving global economic and financial issues as well as the reform of institutions of global economic governance including the IMF quota and governance reforms.
  27. The Ministers noted the significance and relevance of Millennium Development Goals [MDGs] and the contribution to the social and economic development of countries across the globe. Emphasizing the need to accelerate the implementation of MDGs, the Ministers reiterated their commitment to the overarching goal of poverty alleviation and, in that context, expressed hope that the post-2015 Development Agenda will be focused on poverty eradication, economic growth, job creation, social inclusion and sustainable development. They emphasized that it should be applicable to both developed and developing countries and at the same time preserve the national policy space and priorities of developing countries. They recalled all the principles of Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, including the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. The Ministers underscored that provision of additional financial resources, technology development and transfer as well as capacity building assistance from developed to developing countries are key components of any international compact for development cooperation.
  28. The Ministers reiterated the need for Members to work with an open mind and show flexibility to achieve successful outcomes at the forthcoming WTO Ministerial Conference (MC9) in Bali, in December 2013 which would be a stepping stone to future progress in the Doha Development Agenda negotiations, in accordance with its development mandate.
  29. The Foreign Ministers of Russia and China appreciated India’s active role and contribution to further the goals and objectives of Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) and to provide a renewed relevance to ASEM by re-orienting its discussions towards tangible cooperation among ASEM partners in key areas of mutual interest. In this context, they congratulated and extended their full support to the External Affairs Minister of India for hosting the 11th ASEM Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (ASEM FMM11) in New Delhi on 11-12 November 2013.
  30. The Foreign Ministers of the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China extended their warm appreciation and sincere gratitude to the External Affairs Minister of the Republic of India for hosting and making excellent arrangements for the meeting in New Delhi.
  31. The Foreign Ministers of the Russian Federation and the External Affairs Minister of the Republic of India thanked the Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China for his offer to host the next Trilateral meeting in 2014 and pledged their full support.
New Delhi
November 10, 2013

 

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