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Joint Declaration by India and Bulgaria on the visit of Prime Minister of Bulgaria

September 12, 2007

  • At the invitation of the Prime Minister of the Republic of India Dr. Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria, H.E. Mr. Sergei Stanishev paid a state visit to India from 10-15 September 2007.
  • The Prime Ministers of India and Bulgaria held official talks on bilateral, regional and global issues of mutual concern. Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh hosted a banquet in honour of the visiting dignitary. Prime Minister Sergei Stanishev called on President Smt. Pratibha Patil and Vice President Shri Hamid Ansari, and met with Speaker, Lok Sabha Shri Somnath Chatterjee, External Affairs Minister Shri Pranab Mukherjee, Chairperson of United Progressive Alliance Smt. Sonia Gandhi, and Leader of Opposition Shri L.K. Advani.
  • The talks were held in an atmosphere of friendship, warmth and mutual understanding. The two sides expressed satisfaction with the mutually beneficial cooperation and partnership between Bulgaria and India encompassing political dialogue, economic, defence, scientific and technological cooperation, cultural and educational exchange, etc. They agreed to work together for the further enhancement of their multifaceted relationship based on shared democratic values, respect for human rights, mutual understanding and cooperation and similarity of views on major international issues.
  • The Prime Ministers highlighted the importance of further enhancing the exchange of high-level bilateral visits, including at the level of Head of State and Head of Government. They noted the impetus provided to India-Bulgaria ties by the State visit of the President of the Republic of India to Bulgaria in October 2003, and subsequent visits at ministerial and other levels. They also reiterated their will to continue the bilateral dialogue and cooperation within multilateral frameworks and at various international fora.
  • The two sides noted the importance of Inter-Parliamentary cooperation and called for further intensification of parliamentary exchanges. They expressed the view that the Friendship Group with India in the National Assembly of Bulgaria and the newly constituted India-Bulgaria Parliamentary Friendship Group in the Parliament of India will contribute to promoting the bilateral relationship.
  • Both Prime Ministers expressed their will to expand and diversify trade and economic cooperation in areas in which Bulgaria and India have comparative advantages, and to utilise the untapped potential in this area and the existing institutional framework. They agreed to work together for enhancing bilateral investments in various sectors, including in knowledge-based industries.
  • The Bulgarian side invited Indian investment in different sectors of the Bulgarian economy, especially in metallurgy, chemical industry, electronics, information and communication technology, spare parts, power engineering, and tourism, and expressed interest in setting up joint ventures in India in the areas of food processing, construction of grain-storage, cold-storage facilities, small hydropower stations, road construction, implementation of other infrastructure projects, etc.
  • Both sides also noted the opportunities for bilateral cooperation in the sectors of agriculture, small and medium enterprises and agro-based industries, textiles, perfumery and cosmetics. It was agreed to further promote direct contacts between the business circles of the two countries, including through participation in trade/commercial exhibitions in both countries and regular meetings of the Indo-Bulgarian Joint Business Council, as well as between regions and cities of the two countries. In this regard the two sides agreed to explore and identify mutually convenient solutions for facilitating the access of the representatives of the business communities from both countries to each other's market. Both sides welcomed the outcome of the Bulgaria-India business forum held in New Delhi during the visit of the Bulgarian Prime Minister.
  • The Indian and Bulgarian sides noted with satisfaction the successful development of bilateral scientific and technological cooperation within a broad institutional framework and covering projects in the fields of solid body physics, nuclear energy, laser technologies, meteorology, medicine, agriculture, biotechnology, nanotechnology, high energy physics, satellite technology, etc. They underlined their determination to continue to enhance the existing collaboration in science and technology, to identify new areas for cooperation and to promote the commercial use of the products of the joint scientific research.
  • The two sides agreed to work jointly to develop mutually beneficial bilateral cooperation in the priority area of information and communication technology through strengthening the bilateral institutional framework and establishing direct contacts in the corporate sector.
  • The two Prime Ministers expressed their support for closer bilateral cooperation in the oil and gas sector, and in the utilization of renewable and alternative energy sources and respective technologies as a basis for sustainable development and as part of the global efforts in addressing the challenges of climate change. They agreed to facilitate the early implementation of the joint project of setting up a solar-based power plant in Bulgaria with the expertise and cooperation of India.
  • The two leaders shared the view that civil nuclear energy can play an important role as a safe, sustainable and non-polluting source of energy in meeting rising global demands for energy. Bulgaria welcomes India's engagement in the areas of peaceful use of nuclear energy and is ready to support efforts for civil nuclear cooperation with India.
  • The Prime Ministers agreed to sustain and enhance bilateral defence cooperation on a mutually beneficial basis by utilizing the existing institutional framework and, where necessary, by strengthening it.
  • The two sides agreed to explore the possibilities to enhance transport links between India and Bulgaria. In this context, both sides sought to review the Air Services Agreement of 1992 and also to explore connectivity in sea, overland (Asia-Europe corridor), and banking and financial linkages.
  • They also agreed to promote bilateral cooperation in the areas of social security and healthcare and to establish the relevant legal basis.
  • The Bulgarian side expressed its appreciation of the assistance in the field of training rendered by the Government of India under the ITEC Programme. The Indian side agreed to continue such cooperation.
  • Underlining the importance of bilateral cooperation in culture and education for promoting greater understanding and closer friendship between India and Bulgaria, the Prime Ministers took note of the direct contacts and cooperation between cultural and educational institutions of the two countries, including promotion of Indological studies in Bulgaria and Bulgarian studies in India. The two sides welcomed the signing in New Delhi during the visit of the Prime Minister of Bulgaria of an Agreement of Cooperation between the University of Delhi and Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski", as well as between Georgi Rakovski School, New Delhi, India and 79th Indira Gandhi High School, Sofia, Bulgaria.
  • The Prime Ministers exchanged views on a broad range of regional and international issues of mutual interest, as well as issues of global concern such as countering terrorism, climate change, disarmament, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, promoting sustainable development and addressing the daunting environmental challenges and strengthening the social dimension of globalisation.
  • The Indian and Bulgarian sides emphasized the essential role of the UN for maintaining global peace and security, for promoting the economic and social advancement of all people and for meeting global threats and challenges. The Prime Ministers stressed the need to strengthen the authority and the efficiency of the UN and underlined in this respect the importance of the reform of the UN Security Council with view to enhancing its transparency and effectiveness. In this context, Bulgaria reiterated its support for India's candidature for a permanent seat on an expanded UN Security Council.
  • India and Bulgaria have agreed to offer reciprocal support for their bids for a non-permanent seat in the UN Security Council for 2011-12 and 2018-19 respectively.
  • The Prime Ministers stressed that terrorism constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security. They strongly condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, committed by whomever, wherever and for whatever purpose and stressed that there can be no justification, whatsoever, for any acts of terrorism. They emphasized the need for concerted and coordinated action by the international community, in accordance with international law, to realize the objectives of eradicating terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
  • The Prime Ministers stressed the importance of finalizing early the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism through early resolution of the outstanding issues with the objective of an expeditious conclusion of negotiations and adoption of this Convention. They agreed to further expand the bilateral dialogue and cooperation in combating terrorism, organized crime and trafficking.
  • The Prime Ministers underlined that climate change is a global challenge with strong economic, environmental and social dimensions, which impacts adversely all countries especially the poorer and most vulnerable countries, and requires a concerted international response based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. The two leaders agreed that stronger international cooperation within the UN framework is needed to fight climate change especially in the areas of adaptation, mitigation, capacity building, technology transfer, adequate financing facilities and the development of the carbon market. Both leaders shared the view that a future strategy designed to combat climate change should at the same time support sustainable development, economic growth and poverty reduction which are vital for developing countries.
  • Bulgaria expressed its appreciation of the constructive role of India – home to one sixth of humanity, world's largest democracy and fast-growing economy – for promoting peace, understanding and cooperation in Asia and in the world. The Bulgarian side highly values India's contribution for strengthening stability and cooperation in South Asia and welcomed the progress of regional integration within the framework of SAARC.
  • India conveyed appreciation of the constructive policy of Bulgaria in Southeast Europe and in the Black Sea region and its efforts to promote multifaceted regional cooperation, including the implementation of various infrastructural projects.
  • India warmly welcomed the accession of Bulgaria to the European Union, which presented new opportunities for a closer and more dynamic bilateral partnership within the broader framework of the EU-India strategic partnership.
  • India and Bulgaria are also looking forward to their cooperation as partners in the ASEM process for promoting and enhancing inter-regional cooperation in meeting global challenges.
  • The Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria H.E. Mr. Sergei Stanishev extended an invitation to the Prime Minister of the Republic of India H.E. Dr. Manmohan Singh to visit Bulgaria. He also conveyed an invitation to H.E. Smt. Pratibha Patil, President of the Republic of India, for a visit to Bulgaria. The invitations were accepted with pleasure. The dates for the visits will be finalised through diplomatic channels.
  • andhi. He visited the Department of Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian Studies, University of Delhi, and Georgi Rakovski School, New Delhi, and delivered a lecture at the Indian Council of World Affairs.
  • During the visit, the two Sides signed the following documents:
    a) Agreement on Economic Cooperation between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Republic of Bulgaria
    b) Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Republic of India and the Republic of Bulgaria
    c) Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters between the Republic of India and the Republic of Bulgaria
    d) Treaty on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons between the Republic of India and the Republic of Bulgaria
    e) Protocol between the Republic of India and the Republic of Bulgaria for Amending the Agreement between the Republic of India and the Republic of Bulgaria for the Promotion and Protection of Investment, signed in New Delhi on 26 October 1998
    f) Protocol of Intent on Labour Relations, Employment and Social Security between the Ministry of Labour and Employment of the Republic of India and the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy of the Republic of Bulgaria
    g) Memorandum of Understanding between the National Small Industries Corporation Ltd., India, and the Bulgarian Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion Agency regarding Cooperation in the field of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Development
  • The Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria sincerely thanked the Prime Minister of the Republic of India for the warm hospitality extended to him and the accompanying Bulgarian delegation in India.

New Delhi,


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