India and the United Nations
Francisco Conference: India Signs United Nations Charter, 26 June 1945
Sir A. Ramaswami Mudaliar, Supply Member of the Governor-General's Executive Council and leader of the delegation of India, signs the United Nations Charter. India was among the original members of the United Nations that signed the Declaration
by United Nations at Washington on 1 January 1942 and also participated in the historic UN Conference of International Organization at San Francisco from 25 April to 26 June 1945. As a founding member of the United Nations, India strongly supports the purposes
and principles of the UN and has made significant contributions to implementing the goals of the Charter, and the evolution of the UN’s specialized programmes and agencies.
Historical perspective: Decolonization and Apartheid
Independent India viewed its membership at the United Nations as an important guarantee for maintaining international peace and security. India stood at the forefront during the UN's tumultuous years of struggle against colonialism and apartheid. India was
the co-sponsor of the landmark 1960 Declaration on UN on Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples which proclaimed the need to unconditionally end colonialism in all its forms and manifestations. India was also elected the first chair of
the Decolonization Committee (Committee of 24) where its ceaseless efforts to put an end to colonialism are well on record.
India was amongst the most outspoken critics of apartheid and racial discrimination in South Africa. In fact, India was the first country to raise the issue in the UN (in 1946) and played a leading role in the formation of a Sub-Committee against Apartheid
set up by the General Assembly. When the Convention on Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination was adopted in 1965, India was among the earliest signatories.
India’s status as a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement and the Group of 77 cemented its position within the UN system as a leading advocate of the concerns and aspirations of developing countries and the creation of a more equitable international economic
and political order.
Contemporary Priorities: UN reform, Sustainable Development, Counter Terrorism & Disarmament
Affairs Minister addressing the 67th UN General Assembly, 1st October 2012 India strongly believes that the United Nations and the norms of international relations that it has fostered remain the most efficacious means for tackling today's global
challenges. India is steadfast in its efforts to work with the committee of Nations in the spirit of multilateralism to achieve comprehensive and equitable solutions to all problems facing us including development and poverty eradication, climate change, terrorism,
piracy, disarmament, peace building and peacekeeping, human rights.
India is partnering with like minded countries to ensure that the focus of the debate on sustainable development remains on poverty eradication and that RIO principles remain sacrosanct in the global discourse on shaping the post 2015 development agenda. India
remains committed to addressing Climate Change through a comprehensive, equitable and balanced outcome based on the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities.
India has been advocating "Zero tolerance” approach to terrorism in all its forms. With the objective of providing a comprehensible legal framework to counter terrorism India took the initiative to pilot a draft Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism
(CCIT) in 1996 and continues to work for its early adoption.
Horseshoe: the classical format for high level meeting of the UN Security Council Peacekeeping and disarmament are among the most unique pursuits of the UN because they embody the promise and innate potential of the organization to make the world
a better place. India has a proud history of participation in UN peacekeeping operations dating back to the 1950s, having taken part in as many as 43 peacekeeping operations.
India remains the only State possessing nuclear weapons to call unambiguously for a Nuclear Weapons Convention to ban and eliminate nuclear weapons. India is committed to achieving a nuclear weapons-free world in a time-bound, universal, non-discriminatory,
phased and verifiable manner as reflected in the Rajiv Gandhi Action Plan that was presented to the Special Session of General Assembly on Disarmament in 1998.
India is today at the forefront of efforts on UN reform, including expansion of the Security Council in both the permanent and nonpermanent categories to reflect contemporary realities.
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